Articles by Dr. Peggy McIntosh

Currently associate director of the Wellesley Centers for Women at Wellesley College in Massachusetts, Peggy McIntosh, Ph.D., is also founder and co-director of the United States S.E.E.D. Project on Inclusive Curriculum (Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity).

Her 1989 article "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack" has been instrumental in putting the dimension of privilege into discussions of gender, race and sexuality in the United States. Participants who have used The Saint Paul Foundation's New Conversations About Race and Racism® discussion tool have read and reflected on the article as part of their experience.

Dr. McIntosh has worked with The Saint Paul Foundation to author two follow-up articles on racism. "White Privilege: An Account to Spend" and "White People Facing Race: Uncovering the Myths That Keep Racism in Place" address questions such as: Once people know they have privilege, what do they do? and Why do people resist conversations about racism?

Order the articles

We are pleased to make paper copies of the two articles available to individuals or non-academic organizations in Minnesota. Enter your information below to order the articles (up to 10 copies of each). All academic institutions, as well as organizations and individuals outside of Minnesota, must contact the National SEED Project on Inclusive Curriculum at in order to obtain copies.

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